Technology: High Power Electrostatic Motor

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High Power Electrostatic Motor

High Power Electrostatic Motor

What is High Power Electrostatic Motor ?

Image of the Trial Production Model of High Power Electrostatic Motor:ESM65-TR1

Trial Production Model of High Power Electrostatic Motor:ESM65-TR1

As the technology supporting our life of future, such as an energy problem and an aging society with fewer children, development of a hybrid car, an electric vehicle, and the robot that supports care and a life of people is furthered.
And in order to develop these products, the motor which it is Small and Easy to treat and High efficiency and High power is indispensable.

The electromagnetic motor which has spread most now has a tendency which weight increases and efficiency drops with a higher power. These are the big problems as a future car or a robot's motor.

SHINSEI CORPORATION has till now offered the ultrasonic motor as an effective motor in the nonmagnetic environment, such as MRI which are medical facilities, superconductivity experiment equipment, etc.

The High Power Electrostatic Motor developed this time is a new style motor constituted by the technology in which ultrasonic motors completely differ.
The High Power Electrostatic Motor (following ESM65-TR1) made as an trial production model is very lightweight compared with the electromagnetic motor of the same power. And on ESM65-TR1, since there is almost neither a friction part nor an exothermic part, energy efficiency is more than 95%. Moreover, ESM65-TR1 can show high performance in a vacuum environment. Furthermore, ESM65-TR1 can also be used in a nonmagnetic environment like an ultrasonic motor.

The Difference from Other Electrostatic Motors

開発した高出力型静電モータ

同サイズの電磁モータ以上の高出力

同出力の電磁モータより軽量

速度制御が可能

低発熱、長寿命

従来の静電モータ

実用的な出力が得られない

軽量

速度・位置制御が困難

摩耗、発熱が大きく、短寿命

The Characteristics of High Power Electrostatic Motor

Constitution of High Power Electrostatic Motor

シャフト,ステータ(固定子),ロータ(回転子)
High Power Electrostatic Motor consists of a rotor, a stator and a shaft. Many electrodes are arranged on the rotor and the stator.
An electric charge is electrified at this electrode and a shaft rotates by the attraction and repulsion of those electrodes.
It is possible to control operation of a motor by controlling the timing which changes the electric charge impressed to an electrode.

Details of High Power Electrostatic Motor

高出力型静電モータの構成

※1 In order to rotate a motor efficiently, each electrode is arranged by very high density.
※2 High torque will be obtained if there are many numbers of an electrode. For this reason, each electrode is arranged two or more rows circularly.

The Principle of operation of High Power Electrostatic Motor

電極,ステータ,ローラ

This is an image which shows the state of the electric charge of the electrode on a rotor and a stator.
It opposes, when the polarity of the electrode on a rotor and a stator is +, +, -, and -. And pulls against each other when the polarity is opposite.
By changing the polarity of the electrode on a rotor with sufficient timing, control of the rotational speed, brake, reversal operation off a motor is possible.

静電モータの回転イメージ

The polarity of an electrode changes with rotation of a rotor.

ロータの回転に伴い、ロータ上の電極の極性が変化します。

The Specification of Trial Production Model : ESM65-TR1

Maximum Speed 10,000 [rpm]
Maximum Torque 0.1 [Nm]
Power 100 [W]
Size Diameter:65 [mm]、Length:65 [mm]
Weight 200 [g]
Feature

High Efficiency >95% !!
in Vacuum operation is OK

in High Magnetic Field is OK

ESM65-TR1

ESM65-TR1

Comparison with ESM65-TR1 and other motors

High Power Electrostatic Motor: ESM65-TR1

Power 100 [W]
Weight 0.2 [Kg]
Power-Weight Ratio 500 [W/Kg] =0.002 [Kg/PS]
High Power,High Efficiency(>95%),Realization of Light Weight

Magnetic Motor for general robots

Power 120 [W]
Weight 2.4 [Kg]
Power-Weight Ratio 50 [W/Kg] =0.02 [Kg/PS]

Assistant motor for Hybrid car

Power 10 [KW]
Weight 40 [Kg]
Power-Weight Ratio 250 [W/Kg] =0.004 [Kg/PS]

Experiment of ESM65-TR1

ESM65-TR1A attached to the belt of the center of equipment.
The clear case around ESM65-TR1 keeps the vacuum environment around ESM65-TR1. Keeping the vacuum environment around ESM65-TR1 reduces the possibility of spark generating.

The speed of rotation of a ESM65-TR1 is displayed on speed meter per [rpm].
The sound under operation is not the sound of the ESM65-TR1 itself. The sound is the wind noise of the propeller attached to the tip of equipment and the sound of a vacuum pump.

This experiment shows that the speed of ESM65-TR1 is variable, and that stable rotation can be performed.